Research Zone


ICR

ICR software for handwriting uses the Intelligent Character Recognition Technology. It is that type of software that will identify handwritten words. ICR software for handwriting is an extension of the more advanced OCR or optical character recognition.

OCR

As offices make the transition from paper archives to electronic databases, a great deal of effort is spent on converting documents into digital format. When you scan a text document, the result is an image file in which the text cannot be recognized by the machine.

Bar Code Reader

A barcode reader, also called a price scanner or point-of-sale scanner, is a hand-held or stationary input device used to capture and read information contained in a bar code . A barcode reader consists of a scanner, a decoder, and a cable used to connect the reader with a computer.

OMR

Optical mark recognition or optical mark reading technology has been developed to improve the way businesses capture information. OMR can offer cost savings for businesses where there is a large amount of information gathered in the form of OMR sheets.

Light Pen Input Device

Light Pen is a computer input device in the form of a light-sensitive wand used in conjunction with a computer's CRT display. It allows the user to point to displayed objects or draw on the screen in a similar way to a touch screen but with greater positional accuracy.

Thumb Reader OCX

It is a form of identity access management and access control. It is an information technology associated with secure identification of a user, which rely mainly on biological identification. it's terminal supports fingerprint, RFID reader, magnetic reader, smart card.

Fire Bird

It is a relational database offering many ANSI SQL standard features that runs on Linux, Windows, and a variety of Unix platforms. Firebird offers excellent concurrency, high performance, and powerful language support for stored procedures and triggers.

Ubuntu

Ubuntu is a complete desktop Linux operating system, freely available with both community and professional support. The Ubuntu community is built on the ideas enshrined in the Ubuntu Manifesto: that software should be available free of charge.

IOS

Most information online is very technical. The goal of this website is to explain what iOS is in "layman's terms" and ultimately define for the layperson the meaning of iOS. In order to really know iOS one must first understand what it is. The basic answer to the question "What is iOS?"...

IP Camera

An Internet protocol camera, or IP camera, is a type of digital video camera commonly employed for surveillance, and which unlike analog closed circuit television (CCTV) cameras can send and receive data via a computer network and the Internet.

React OS

It is a free and open-sourced operating system based on the Windows NT architecture, providing support for existing applications and drivers, and an alternative to the current dominant consumer operating system.

Android

World is contracting with the growth of mobile phone technology. As the number of users is increasing day by day, facilities are also increasing. Starting with simple regular handsets which were used just for making phone calls, mobiles have changed our lives and have become part of it.
ICR Software for Handwriting
Introduction

ICR software for handwriting uses the Intelligent Character Recognition Technology. It is that type of software that will identify handwritten words. ICR software for handwriting is an extension of the more advanced OCR or optical character recognition. The ICR is a tool that will eventually adjust in the recognition of different fonts and words compared to the ones that it stores within its database. The biggest difference that the ICR software for handwriting has when compared to the OCR program is simply its ability to read handwritten words. In some ways, the ICR is also capable of reading symbols, unique fonts and other languages other than the English language.

About Software

The ICR software for handwriting is very much dependent on the type of handwriting it is following. Thus, the ICR software for handwriting will only often boast of a 97 percent accuracy rating. This software is most used on forms like surveys, and form feeds that need to be filled out manually by hand. Nevertheless, it is still a valuable piece of technology that can help the organization.

How It Work

The ICR software for handwriting works with three major algorithms to recognize handwritten texts. These are the statistical, semantic and hybrid algorithms, of which the last one is the most popular in most ICR software. This is generally referred to as the voting method wherein the ICR will scan the documents than give a vote matching process to the texts of the paper trail. Inside the ICR software for handwriting is this scan engine that will detect the handwritten words and will match it against the stored database of the software. The ICR software for handwriting will then generally compare it against the other words in the database and will vote on the word that it thinks is the closest match with the extracted data. When the symbols and the different languages are used, the ICR software for handwriting would often switch to another database to correctly match the words that it has extracted. As added benefits, the ICR software for handwriting has this advanced option, wherein once it has matched a new kind of language or font, it will add the font and the language into its stored library.


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OCR (Optical Character Recognition)
Introduction

As offices make the transition from paper archives to electronic databases, a great deal of effort is spent on converting documents into digital format. When you scan a text document, the result is an image file in which the text cannot be recognized by the machine. In order to work with the document electronically, you will need to make the file text-searchable so that you can easily find relevant content and edit it when needed. Instead of retyping paper documents, you can use OCR technology to automatically identify and extract the text.

About Software
#984e89 OCR technology allows your computer to read, interpret, and understand the information that it has scanned. As a result, manual entry of data won't be necessary anymore No longer will you need people to manually input information into the computer. Now that you have OCR, the computer can understand the text and you can even control what specific information you want the machine to pick up.

Benefits of OCR
#984e89 • Digital Files - Less paper means less hassle so you can have a virtual database, which allows you to find what you need in a quick and easy manner
• Save space - Now that you have less paper around your office, you have more space that can be used for other purposes
• Efficient use of resources - Now that you do not need people to manually enter information, they can spend their time on tasks that require more attention and focus


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Light pen
Introduction
#984e89 Light Pen is a computer input device in the form of a light-sensitive wand used in conjunction with a computer's CRT display. It allows the user to point to displayed objects or draw on the screen in a similar way to a touch screen but with greater positional accuracy. It was long thought that a light pen can work with any CRT-based display, but not with LCDs (though Toshiba and Hitachi displayed a similar idea at the "Display 2006" show in Japan) and other display technologies. However, in 2011 Instruments released its Firelight, which uses a 17" LCD monitor with light pen control.

About Software

A light pen detects a change of brightness of nearby screen pixels when scanned by cathode ray tube electron beam and communicates the timing of this event to the computer. Since a CRT scans the entire screen one pixel at a time, the computer can keep track of the expected time of scanning various locations on screen by the beam and infer the pen's position from the latest timestamp.


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IP CAMERA
Introduction
#984e89 An Internet protocol camera, or IP camera, is a type of digital video camera commonly employed for surveillance, and which unlike analog closed circuit television (CCTV) cameras can send and receive data via a computer network and the Internet. Although most cameras that do this are webcams, the term "IP camera" or "netcam" is usually applied only to those used for surveillance. The first centralized IP camera was Axis Neteye 200, released in 1996 by Axis Communications.

About Software

There are two kinds of IP cameras:
• Centralized IP cameras, which require a central Network Video Recorder (NVR) to handle the recording, video and alarm management.
• Decentralized IP cameras, which do not require a central Network Video Recorder (NVR), as the cameras have recording function built-in and can thus record directly to local storage media, such as flash drives and hard disk drives or to standard network attached storage.

Benefits of IP camera over analog technology include:
#984e89 • Remote administration from any location.
• Digital zoom.
• The ability to easily send images and video anywhere with an Internet connection.
• Progressive scanning, which enables better quality images extracted from the video, especially for moving targets.
• Adjustable frame rates and resolution to meet specific needs.
• Two-way communication.
• The ability to send alerts if suspicious activity is detected.
• Lower cabling requirements.
• Support for intelligent video.


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Barcode Reader
Introduction
#984e89 A barcode reader, also called a price scanner or point-of-sale (POS ) scanner, is a hand-held or stationary input device used to capture and read information contained in a bar code . A barcode reader consists of a scanner, a decoder (either built-in or external), and a cable used to connect the reader with a computer. Because a barcode reader merely captures and translates the barcode into numbers and/or letters, the data must be sent to a computer so that a software application can make sense of the data. Barcode scanners can be connected to a computer through a serial port , keyboard port , or an interface device called a wedge .

About Barcode

A barcode reader works by directing a beam of light across the bar code and measuring the amount of light that is reflected back. (The dark bars on a barcode reflect less light than the white spaces between them.) The scanner converts the light energy into electrical energy, which is then converted into data by the decoder and forwarded to a computer. There are five basic kinds of barcode readers:
• pen wands
• slot scanners
• Charge-Couple Device (CCD ) scanners
• image scanners
• and laser scanners


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OMR (Optical mark recognition)
Introduction
#984e89 Optical mark recognition or optical mark reading technology has been developed to improve the way businesses capture information. OMR can offer cost savings for businesses where there is a large amount of information gathered in the form of OMR sheets. Employees utilize this technology to save valuable time, energy, and money that would have been spent manually gathering data and inputting data in the form of paper documents. Within our world of technology, there are many OMR scanners and software solutions available in the market that make working with OMR forms easier and more cost effective.

Progress of Omr Solutions

OMR software solutions make it possible to capture and transfer data from hard copies of documents into a computer of a user or business. OMR solutions allow users to make any changes to the captured data obtained from forms to customize to a desired format once data has been extracted and input into a database. There are many OMR solutions that have achieved extremely low rates of errors, making these OMR solutions reliable. There are also OMR solutions designed for big corporate environments with a high volume of OMR data to make it easy to extract OMR information quickly and easily.

The Result of Omr in the Workspace

The data capturing device used in OMR software solutions may vary according to the nature of the work an organization is doing on a daily basis. However, the basic concept of OMR software remains the same in many organizations irrespective of the nature of the work that they are into. Businesses can benefit from the speed and accuracy with which OMR technology can extract data from large volumes of documents. The OMR technology of today is advanced and will surely continue to improve as technology is innovated. The world has become a better place due to the presence of OMR Technology.


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Thumb Reader OCX
Introduction
#984e89 It is a form of identity access management and access control. It is an information technology associated with secure identification of a user, which rely mainly on biological identification. The most common form of these includes fingerprint and retinal identification as well as face recognition, DNA, hand and palm geometry, and voice recognition. These characteristics can be used for their universality, uniqueness, permanence, collectability, performance and acceptability.

Benefits of Thumb Reader OCX:
#984e89 • On-line connectivity: the host controls the system in real time
• It allows to create a wide net of TCP/IP or Wi-Fi terminals
• It allows different hardware configurations
• Metallic, plastic or OEM version case
• Four relays and digital inputs
• User interface with display, keyboard, beeper and leds
• Applications: access control, time attendance and staff management
• BioMax2 terminal supports fingerprint, RFID reader, magnetic reader, smart card, barcode and the combination of two terminals


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React OS
Introduction

It is a free and open-sourced operating system based on the Windows NT architecture, providing support for existing applications and drivers, and an alternative to the current dominant consumer operating system. It would be perhaps important to start by saying what ReactOS -isn't-. It is not another wrapper built on Linux, like WINE. It does not attempt or plan to compete with WINE; in fact, the user-mode part of ReactOS is almost entirely WINE-based and our two teams have cooperated closely in the past. ReactOS is also not "yet another OS". It does not attempt to be a third player, like SkyOS or any other alternative OS out there. People are not meant to uninstall Linux and use ReactOS instead; ReactOS is a replacement for Windows users who want a Windows replacement that behaves just like Windows.

About React OS

While ReactOS' source availability and current usage is mostly intended for programmers to expand and improve on, you don't need to be a rocket scientist to use it, and in its final state will be a consumer friendly OS. If you've used Windows before, you'll find yourself in a familiar environment with ReactOS. The learning curve, if any, should be minimal, since ReactOS duplicates many of the Windows graphical environment applets, control panels and dialogs (Windows 2000/XP/2003).

Focus at present is on developing ReactOS to a stage where it is capable of running most Windows drivers and applications "out of the box." This does not mean that ReactOS will stop there, however; as new features are added to Windows, our developers be striving to incorporate such new features in future versions of ReactOS. Once the compatibility level has been reached, we may even choose to improve ReactOS beyond its Windows roots. These changes would be external from the main OS, and totally compatible with Windows, but they would add an extra advantage. For example, one of our goals is to have built-in POSIX compatibility, much like Windows Services for Unix. It could also be as simple as natively supporting multiple desktops however, instead of requiring a powertoy.


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IOS
Introduction

Most information online is very technical. The goal of this website is to explain what iOS is in "layman's terms" and ultimately define for the layperson the meaning of iOS. In order to really know iOS one must first understand what it is. The basic answer to the question "What is iOS?" is simply this... iOS is what makes Apple’s mobile devices or, "iDevices", turn on and run all the stuff you want to do with it. Its the basic "operating system" that operates any given iDevice. Apple’s portable devices like iPhone, iPad or iPod are know as iDevices. iOS does things on these devices such as allow you to set the brightness of the screen if you can’t see it on a bright sunny day, it also secures your iDevice, if you enter a pass code the system will automatically lock the screen after a certain amount of minutes you tell it to and lets you connect to your WiFi network at home so you can go online with your iDevice. So how do you do these simple tasks? Most of the "settings" you want to customize and use are all contained in the "Settings" button, or "App" as they are also called.

The iDevice operating system (iOS) has the features and runs all the apps you want to use. Each time Apple adds features to iOS they call it a "software update" and usually include a version number. Apple’s iOS is currently the main software that runs on all models of the iPhone, iPod Touch, iPad and iPad Mini mobile devices. Hopefully, this basic explanation has helped you to understand what iOS is and how it relates to any Apple devices you may own or are looking to purchase.

History of iOS

The term "iOS" was originally know as "iPhone OS" and was introduced in 2007 along with the first iPhone hardware device Apple released. It was the term used to describe the software that would operate the iPhone and is derived from the term "OS X", which is how Apple describes its "operating system" for its Macintosh computers. The "X" stands for 10 which is the newest version of the computer software Apple created to operate the desktop and laptop computers they design. The "iOS" platform is a mobile-device-based software system that works like a computer system, but on mobile devices like portable phones. It is designed to be smaller, faster and use less power. It also has a "touch" friendly user interface so it works better when a finger is used to interface with the system instead of a mouse or stylus that has been used in the past to interact with operating systems. The iPhone has run on iOS since its release in 2007.


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Ubuntu
Introduction
#984e89 Ubuntu is a complete desktop Linux operating system, freely available with both community and professional support. The Ubuntu community is built on the ideas enshrined in the Ubuntu Manifesto: that software should be available free of charge, that software tools should be usable by people in their local language and despite any disabilities, and that people should have the freedom to customize and alter their software in whatever way they see fit.

About Ubuntu
#984e89 Ubuntu will always be free of charge, and there is no extra fee for the “enterprise edition”, we make our very best work available to everyone on the same Free terms.
Ubuntu includes the very best in translations and accessibility infrastructure that the Free Software community has to offer, to make Ubuntu usable by as many people as possible.
Ubuntu is shipped in stable and regular release cycles; a new release will be shipped every six months. You can use the current stable release or the current development release. A release will be supported for 18 months.
Ubuntu is entirely committed to the principles of open source software development; we encourage people to use open source software, improve it and pass it on.

Ubuntu is suitable for both desktop and server use. The current Ubuntu release supports Intel x86 (IBM-compatible PC), AMD64 (Hammer) and PowerPC (Apple iBook and Powerbook, G4 and G5) architectures.
Ubuntu includes more than 1000 pieces of software, starting with the Linux kernel version 3.2 and GNOME 3.4, and covering every standard desktop application from word processing and spreadsheet applications to internet access applications, web server software, email software, programming languages and tools and of course several games.


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Firebird
Introduction
#984e89 is a relational database offering many ANSI SQL standard features that runs on Linux, Windows, and a variety of Unix platforms. Firebird offers excellent concurrency, high performance, and powerful language support for stored procedures and triggers. It has been used in production systems, under a variety of names, since 1981. The Firebird Project is a commercially independent project of C and C++ programmers, technical advisors and supporters developing and enhancing a multi-platform relational database management system based on the source code released by Inprise Corp (now known as Borland Software Corp) on 25 July, 2000.

About Firebird
#984e89 FREE LIKE A BIRD. Anyone can build a custom version of Firebird, as long as the modifications are made available, under the same IDPL licensing, for others to use and build on. FREE LIKE FREE BEER. No fees for download, registration, licensing or deployment, even you distribute Firebird as part of your commercial software package.

Firebird's development depends on voluntary funding by people who benefit from using it. Funding options range from donations, through Firebird Foundation memberships to sponsorship commitments. Choosing Firebird and saving or making money by your choice? Show your appreciation and encouragement by contributing money in proportion to these benefits.


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Android
Introduction
#984e89 World is contracting with the growth of mobile phone technology. As the number of users is increasing day by day, facilities are also increasing. Starting with simple regular handsets which were used just for making phone calls, mobiles have changed our lives and have become part of it. Now they are not used just for making calls but they have innumerable uses and can be used as a Camera , Music player, Tablet PC, T.V. , Web browser etc . And with the new technologies, new software and operating systems are required.

About Android
#984e89 Operating Systems have developed a lot in last 15 years. Starting from black and white phones to recent smart phones or mini computers, mobile OS has come far away. Especially for smart phones, Mobile OS has greatly evolved from Palm OS in 1996 to Windows pocket PC in 2000 then to Blackberry OS and Android.
One of the most widely used mobile OS these days is ANDROID. Android is a software bunch comprising not only operating system but also middleware and key applications. Android Inc was founded in Palo Alto of California, U.S. by Andy Rubin, Rich miner, Nick sears and Chris White in 2003. Later Android Inc. was acquired by Google in 2005. After original release there have been number of updates in the original version of Android.

Features & Specifications

Android is a powerful Operating System supporting a large number of applications in Smart Phones. These applications make life more comfortable and advanced for the users. Hardwares that support Android are mainly based on ARM architecture platform. Some of the current features and specifications of android are:

Features of Android OS
Android comes with an Android market which is an online software store. It was developed by Google. It allows Android users to select, and download applications developed by third party developers and use them. There are around 2.0 lack+ games, application and widgets available on the market for users. Android applications are written in java programming language. Android is available as open source for developers to develop applications which can be further used for selling in android market. There are around 200000 applications developed for android with over 3 billion+ downloads. Android relies on Linux version 2.6 for core system services such as security, memory management, process management, network stack, and driver model. For software development, Android provides Android SDK (Software development kit). Read more about open source software.

Applications
These are the basics of Android applications:
• Android applications are composed of one or more application components (activities, services, content providers, and broadcast receivers)
• Each component performs a different role in the overall application behavior, and each one can be activated individually (even by other applications)
• The manifest file must declare all components in the application and should also declare all application requirements, such as the minimum version of Android required and any hardware configurations required
• Non-code application resources (images, strings, layout files, etc.) should include alternatives for different device configurations (such as different strings for different languages)

Google, for software development and application development, had launched two competitions ADC1 and ADC2 for the most innovative applications for Android. It offered prizes of USD 10 million combined in ADC1 and 2. ADC1 was launched in January 2008 and ADC 2 was launched in May 2009. These competitions helped Google a lot in making Android better, more user friendly, advanced and interactive.

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